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How To Run A Sprint Planning Meeting

A Sprint Planning Meeting should efficiently establish the scope of work for the upcoming sprint through team discussions, determining goals, and allocating tasks to each member.

A Sprint Planning Meeting is a crucial part of the Scrum framework used in Agile project management, where the entire team collaborates to set the scope, goals, and course for the upcoming sprint, which typically lasts two weeks. The Product Owner, Scrum Master, and the Development team participate in this meeting to select top-priority tasks from the backlog and break them down into smaller, more manageable tasks. It’s a pivotal point to assess the anticipated workload, eliminate ambiguities, and ensure that everyone has a clear understanding of the project’s direction and the expectations for the next sprint.

What is the purpose of a Sprint Planning Meeting?

As a leader, the purpose of running a sprint planning meeting is to effectively allocate resources, set realistic goals, and establish clear objectives for the upcoming sprint. It allows for proper prioritization of tasks, alignment of team members, and identification of potential risks or roadblocks. A well-planned sprint meeting helps streamline workflow, improve productivity, and ensures that everyone is on the same page for a successful sprint execution.

How To Run A Sprint Planning Meeting: Step-By-Step


Step 1: Set the Stage

In stage one, the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team unite to comb through the product backlog and establish the forthcoming sprint’s objectives. This crucial process involves a concise review of past achievements, challenges faced in the preceding sprint, and digesting valuable lessons with an aim to optimize the performance in the imminent sprint.

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Step 2: Review the Product Backlog

During the meeting, the Product Owner introduces the prioritized product backlog, comprising various user stories, features, and tasks. The team meticulously reviews these presented components. If there are any ambiguities or uncertainties, the Product Owner provides comprehensive explanations and clarifications for each item to ensure full team understanding and alignment.

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Step 3: Determine Velocity

The team critically evaluates their prior performance, observing any notable successes or shortcomings, while also considering any adjustments in team size or individual availability. This comprehensive review helps them to accurately estimate their capacity or workload for the upcoming sprint, ensuring alignment between expectations and realizable outcomes, thereby enhancing efficiency and productivity.


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Step 4: Sprint Goal Creation

The Product Owner establishes the sprint goal by carefully analyzing the tasks in the product backlog considering their business value and alignment with the overall project strategy. The designated goal provides a clear insight into the team’s intentions for the sprint, enhancing focus and direction. It guides the team’s efforts, ensuring all members work towards a common end – ultimately fostering collaboration, productivity and most importantly, value delivery for the project stakeholder.

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Step 5: Select Backlog Items

The team, guided by their predicted task completion speed or ‘velocity,’ alongside the sprint goal, collectively selects items from the product backlog for completion in the coming sprint. This collaborative decision is crucial for ensuring efficiency, and aligns everyone’s efforts towards the sprint’s objectives.

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Step 6: Break Down the Tasks

The team methodically dissects the chosen items or user stories into manageable tasks that can be easily tackled. Ideally, every task should not exceed a day’s worth of work. This system creates a structured workflow that promotes organization, enhances productivity, and helps to avoid the procrastination or fatigue that can occur with larger tasks.

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Step 7: Task Estimation

The team collaboratively determines the effort each task entails. This estimation process uses a variety of techniques. Most popular methods are planning poker, where team members anonymously vote on their estimates, T-shirt sizes symbolizing relative task sizes (small, medium, large) and simply assigning a time duration. The chosen method often depends on the nature of the project and team’s preference.

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Step 8: Sprint Backlog Creation

The team starts by creating a sprint backlog, a crucial part of project planning. This compiled list includes the carefully chosen product backlog items targeted for the sprint and their corresponding tasks. These listed tasks provide well-defined goals, ensuring everyone knows their responsibilities, thus fostering an organized and productive working environment.

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Step 9: Communicate the Sprint Plan

The sprint plan, incorporating the sprint objective and backlog, is systematically communicated across all stakeholders. This clear communication ensures that everyone comprehends what is supposed to be accomplished. The goal and the backlog outline the roadmap of tasks to be undertaken by the team for a successful sprint completion. It provides a concrete vision for all, thereby aligning expectations about the sprint’s intended deliverables and the collective effort required to accomplish the same.

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Step 10: Commitment

All team members are now tasked with committing to achieve the Sprint goals and complete the planned tasks using their maximum capability. This includes putting all entire skillsets and resources into the assigned tasks, ensuring effective communication, and striving for high-quality results within the given time frame.

Questions to ask as the leader of the meeting

1. What are the top priorities for this sprint? – This question helps the team to identify and align on the most important tasks and goals for the upcoming sprint.

2. Can we realistically complete all the planned work within the sprint timeframe? – This question allows the team to assess the feasibility of their goals and ensures that they are setting achievable targets for the sprint.

3. Are there any dependencies or impediments that may affect our ability to deliver? – By asking this question, the leader enables the team to identify any potential roadblocks or challenges that might impact their progress, allowing them to proactively address these issues.

4. Do we have a well-defined sprint goal that is understood by everyone? – This question helps to ensure that the team has a clear understanding of the overall purpose and desired outcome for the sprint.

5. Are there any adjustments or refinements needed in our sprint backlog or user stories? – Asking this question encourages the team to continuously evaluate and refine their backlog, ensuring that it remains up to date and reflects the current priorities.

6. Is our team capacity aligned with the planned work for this sprint? – This question helps the leader and the team to assess whether they have enough resources and capacity to complete the planned work successfully.

7. What are the key deliverables or milestones we should achieve by the end of this sprint? – By asking this question, the leader establishes a shared understanding of the expected outcomes for the sprint and helps to keep the team focused on those objectives.

8. Do we need any external support or additional resources for this sprint? – This question allows the team to consider any external support or resources they might need to accomplish their goals, ensuring that necessary steps are taken to secure assistance, if required.

9. Are there any risks or uncertainties that could impact the success of this sprint? – By asking this question, the leader encourages the team to identify and address any potential risks or uncertainties that might hinder their progress, enabling them to take proactive measures to mitigate these factors.

10. How can we improve our sprint planning process and make it more effective? – This question promotes a culture of continuous improvement, allowing the team to reflect on their planning approach and identify ways to enhance and optimize it for future sprints.

Learn how to prepare a Sprint Planning Meeting

As a leader, preparing a sprint-planning-meeting agenda involves setting clear objectives for the meeting, such as reviewing the previous sprint, discussing upcoming work, and prioritizing tasks. Identify the key stakeholders who need to be present and allot time for each agenda item. Share the agenda in advance to allow participants to prepare and provide input.

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Exemplary Agenda Template for a Sprint Planning Meeting

During a sprint planning meeting, it is important to discuss the upcoming tasks, stories, and user stories that will be worked on during the sprint. The team should also review and estimate the effort required for each task, prioritize them based on business value, and clarify any questions or dependencies.

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Software tools to facilitate a Sprint Planning Meeting

Software plays a crucial role in helping leaders facilitate sprint planning meetings. With its tools and features, software enables leaders to efficiently manage and allocate tasks, track progress, set realistic deadlines, and collaborate seamlessly with team members. The software’s ability to automate processes and provide real-time updates enhances decision-making, ensuring a successful sprint planning meeting and ultimately driving the team towards achieving their goals.


Planning and running a successful sprint planning meeting is not just about getting your team into a room and talking about tasks. It requires a strategic and collaborative approach. From setting a clear goal, understanding your capacity, dividing tasks, creating a sprint backlog, and focusing on product increments, it’s an intricate process that needs every team member engaged. Equipped with the techniques outlined in this blog post, you should be ready to optimize your sprint planning meetings, enhancing productivity and project success. Remember, the goal is to continually build upon this process, adjusting and improving your strategies as your team evolves. Happy sprint planning!


What is the main purpose of a Sprint Planning Meeting?

The primary objective is to define what can be delivered in the Sprint and determine how the work needed to deliver the increment will be achieved.

Who should attend a Sprint Planning Meeting?

The core attendees should be the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and the entire Scrum Team. Optionally, stakeholders or experts can attend if the team deems it useful.

How long should a Sprint Planning Meeting last?

The length of Sprint Planning Meeting varies depending on the length of the Sprint. In Scrum, it’s advised to limit the meeting to 2 hours for each week of Sprint duration. For instance, for a two-week Sprint, the meeting should be no longer than 4 hours.

What happens if the team cannot complete all planned work within a Sprint?

Any incomplete work is typically pushed back to the product backlog. Then, during the next Sprint planning meeting, the team will reassess the work and determine what should be prioritized in the upcoming Sprint.

What outcomes can I expect in a Sprint Planning Meeting?

The two main outcomes are the Sprint Goal and a Sprint Backlog. The Sprint Goal, which is decided by the team, represents the objective that will be met by the implementation of the Sprint. The Sprint Backlog, on the other hand, is a list of tasks identified by the Scrum Team to be completed during the Sprint.